justice and fairness examples

The Palace has already ordered the probe. Distributive Justice… Justice as Equality: Egalitarianism “ Every person should be given exactly equal shares of a society’s benefits and burdens”. Read on to find how these can be built upon in your workplace. In other words, “justice”denotes conduct that is morally required, whereas “fairness”denotes an evaluative judgment as to whether this conduct is morally praiseworthy. Justice vs Fairness . Still others believe that justice consists of rules common to all humanity that emerge out of some sort of c… Self-Control, Self-Mastery (2016, Sep 30). Jessica Alfaro, a confessed drug addict, who claims to have witnessed the massacre, testifies in court. Chapter 8: ETHICS. Justice relates to the concept of treating others well. Spite, like envy, is a feeling that sometimes happens when we see someone with something that we think we should have, whether that is a promotion, money or a big house. Issues involving questions of justice and fairness are usually divided into three categories: Distributive Justice: just distribution of benefits and burdens, this is concerned with the fair distribution for the societies. B. SAMPLE CASE OF JUSTICE AND FAIRNESS The Vizconde Massacre A. The appellate court denies the reconsideration plea of the accused and upholds their sentence of reclusion perpetua. Note that the Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 (Cth) shows contemporary (1970s) usage in referring to the ground that “a breach of the rules of natural justice occurred in connection with the making of the decision”. Think, for example, of the emancipation of women, the downfall of apartheid in South Africa, or the civil rights movement in the USA. Lauro Vizconde, in an interview with the Inquirer, says he fears Webb et al. Finally, we suggest that the Palace and the Senate intervene if the Supreme Court renders Hubert Webb immune to further retrial due to the double jeopardy prohibition. The Court of Appeals upholds the guilty verdict. Based on Alfaro’s account, the justice department finds probable cause and files rape and murder charges against Hubert Webb, Antonio, Tony Boy, Lejano, Michael Gatchalian, Miguel Rodriguez, Peter Estrada, and Pyke Fernandez in the Paranaque Regional Trial Court. A conflict may arise about whether a retributive or restorative justice mechanism is most fair. Justice is a modern phenomenon that is a combination of different civilisations and societies. The accused party do not stop appealing, they apply for motion of reconsideration of the case but The Court of Appeals’ Third Division voted 3-2 to deny Webb’s motion for reconsideration and upheld the ruling of Judge Tolentino on December 16, 2005. In this case, justice is more serious and the fairness is more fundamental. Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. The Nortons and Ellisons of this world, for example, are asking for what they feel they deserve; they are demanding that they be treated with justice and fairness. Webb asks the high court to acquit him. 1. Martin Luther King Jr. 2. *The principle of Distributive Justice that Rawls proposes can be paraphrased by saying that the distribution of benefits and burdens in a society is just if and only if: 1. Neither spite or envy are pleasant things to either feel or to encounter in another. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. Material from skillsyouneed.com may not be sold, or published for profit in any form without express written permission from skillsyouneed.com. Although “Justice” has a vast list of meanings, it can somewhat be defined. Personal and Romantic Relationship Skills, Teaching, Coaching, Mentoring and Counselling, Goodness: Learning to Use Your ‘Moral Compass’, Goodness: Learning to Use Your Moral Compass. Brief Background (timeline) Some of the highlights of a murder case that has gripped the nation for nearly two decades: June 30, 1991. Want others to get their fair share of what they need to lead a ‘good’ life. Given that most of us would probably admit to feeling that we may be more deserving than is actually the case, this perhaps makes it even more important to consider how justice and ‘goodness’ fit together. In a full court decision, the Supreme Court approves Webb’s request for DNA testing. In Charles Kingsley’s The Water Babies, the hero Tom encounters two characters who could be said to embody justice. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day. Another prominent intellectual known for his discourse on justice is John Rawls. Judge Tolentino finds Webb and the other accused guilty. For information on how to reference correctly please see our page on referencing. In other words, justice is feeling good and bad at appropriate moments. Dec. 14, 2010. Spite is pleased when anything bad happens to someone else, again whether deserved or not. They especially need to obtain original documents in hand and not just review photocopies (e. g. , Hubert’s passport). Want the right sort of things, to the right degree; Want their ‘fair share’ of goods, so that they get what they deserve; and. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. This has resulted in the revelation by the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) that they no longer had the specimens as these were remanded to the Paranaque courts. After several years, in April 2010, the Supreme Court approved DNA testing to be performed on the semen specimen obtained during autopsy from Carmela Vizconde. Jan. 6, 2000. Justice is all about is the concept of moral rightness based on ethics, rationality, law, natural law, religion, fairness, or equity, along with the punishment of the breach of said ethics. The National Bureau of Investigation says it no longer has the semen specimen/vaginal smear taken from Carmela’s cadaver. all human beings are equal and each person has an equal claim to society’s goods. If appealing the Webb acquittal or retrying Webb for the same crime violates the double jeopardy prohibition, then by all means please change the constitution so that justice can be served. Pain at others’ good fortune turns to envy, and rejoicing in bad luck is spiteful. It is seen through many eyes around the world, many of the ways justice is portrayed in different ways because laws are different around the world. In other words, it’s not so much whether we are getting what we deserve, but whether we get what we deserve when compared with others. The second is Mrs Doasyouwouldbedoneby, who is beautiful, kind and loved by everyone who meets her. Civilityis the duty to work within a reasonable system in good faith to seek justice according … The battle between a free market and Marxism is the perfect example. Prison regimes are rife with everyday injustices: inconsistent processes, arbitrary decisions, bureaucratic delays, ignored complaints, poor living conditions and … (Ask) Why are justice and fairness important? The Skills You Need Guide to Life: DIFFERENCE PRINCIPLE claim that a productive society will incorporate inequalities, but takes steps to improve the position of the neediest members of the society. “Fairness” is the most subjective form of justice, but still suggests “an appeal to reasonableness and open-mindedness.” (S. I. Hayakawa, Choose the Right Word, 1968) But postmodern multiculturalism has dismissed reason, the “rationalistic” mentality, and “objective consciousness” as Western cultural artifacts. Are congressional districts drawn to be fair? But how can we obtain Justice if it is really hard to get? The other strengths in Justice are fairness, leadership, and teamwork. 1. Elementary school ( K-5 ) teaching guide ( discussion guide, lesson plan, teachers' guide ) for fairness and justice. Oct. 28, 2010. Justice is not measured by the status of victim and the suspect in their respective society. Rosa Parks 3. Of the 15 Justices, 7 voted for acquittal while four dissented and four Justices, including Carpio, did not participate. how the criminal law reflects these principles, by using an example of criminal plea and sentence in the County Court. No one believes in it anymore because it fails. Concerns the best way of restoring people for what they lost when others wronged them. Goodness: Learning to Use Your Moral Compass If you find that you tend towards those extremes, try hard to rejoice or commiserate genuinely with others instead. There are many critical thinkers who have delved into the concept of justice. Surely, the Philippine justice system would not see it as fit that a suspected guilty individual remain free and at large due to a legal loophole. your own paper. Many can see justice a virtue that can be used to protect them from the ambiguity of criminal works. Those who have developed a ‘good’ sense of justice tend to: In other words, such people have a strong sense of what they and others really deserve—and what they need to lead a ‘good’ life. Webb’s strong alibi that he was in the United States * Alfaro’s testimony will fall apart if Webb was not in the crime scene and will relieve the others accused of the crime C. OUR VIEWPOINT IN THIS CASE There were so many questions and mysteries that were attached in the case since it was happened. This case must be solved and the Philippine Supreme Court needs to get the decision right, without any question marks. To the researcher’s knowledge, this is the first empirical study to use a theoretical framework of social justice and Five-year-olds can be rule driven, with a keen sense of justice. No acquittal has been made as to the two accused, Filart and Ventura, who remain at-large. The accused are sentenced to life imprisonment and ordered to pay Lauro Vizconde, father of Carmela and Jennifer, more than P3 million in damages and legal fees. All, for the most part, were driven by a strong sense of unfairness among first a few, and then many more, and not just among the disenfranchised groups concerned. Susan B. Anthony We'll never share your email address and you can unsubscribe at any time. Classroom discussion questions, writing assignments, student activities, and tips for parents. In fact, fairness admits to the ‘right’ to make law as necessary to further the purpose of whatever it is believed should be as opposed to what is. The ideal of fairness, impartiality, etc., especially with regard to the punishment of wrongdoing. Is justice already gone with the wind? The court ruled that the Paranaque RTC was correct in sentencing Webb et. This may seem like a simple question to answer but for many in today’s society it is not. We hold up the rule of law and the ideal of justice as being blind to social status, wealth or anything else. Aristotle described ‘poetic justice’ as being “pain felt at either good or bad fortune if undeserved, or to joy felt at them if deserved”. Biong’s sentence is modified to six-to-12 years imprisonment. Produced in association with Character Counts! When you find yourself in a situation where you think you may need to exercise justice or fairness, there are some questions you can use to help. It is a principle that is fundamental to the administration of justice and a person can file an appeal and get a decision overturned on the basis that procedural fairness was not observed. The Application of the principles of fairness. It was originally published in 1971 and revised in both 1975 (for the translated editions) and 1999. He was sentenced to eleven years in prison. Police investigator Gerardo Biong, accused of destroying evidence, is convicted as an accessory to the crime. Oct. 19, 2010. This is when the principles of justice and fairness come in. In general, envy is about wanting something that someone else has got, and spite is about not wanting them to have it. ” This means even though something may look or seem different to another thing they are both the same. Fours are just beginning to learn about the concept of fairness. Justice means giving each person what he or she deserves, or, in more traditional terms, giving each person his or her due. It is based on the purely logical idea that we must be consistent in the way we treat similar situations. On November 26, 2010, Lauro Vizconde voiced his concern to media about the purported lobbying of Senior Associate Justice Antonio Carpio for the reversal of the guilty verdict. Justice and fairness are concepts or notions that are hard to define without taking the help of the other. Carpio testified for the defense during the trial. II. Understanding Generosity Biong is released from jail as records from the Bureau of Corrections show he has completed his 12-year jail term. In A Theory of Justice, Rawls attempts to solve the problem of distributive justice by utilizing a variant of the familiar device of the social contract. The concept of justice runs deep in most of us. Fairness, on the other hand, also has a similar meaning but there is a key difference we should be aware of. Perhaps more importantly, how can you develop a strong sense of justice? fairness would apply to a decision to cancel a licence or benefit; to discipline an employee; to impose a penalty; or to publish a report that may damage a person’s reputation. This was categorically denied by the Supreme Court as Justice Carpio had in fact inhibited himself from the case and was not going to take part in the deliberation. Unreliability of testimony from other witnesses 4. It is like blaming and punishing people that did something wrong. There is a saying also about justice that says “Fairness and justice are two sides of the same coin. If the situation involves some injustice, what can I do to put that right? When the notion of justice becomes shared by all citizens, and equality is achieved, civility between members of society will restrict the use of some individuals as means to personal ends. Unreliability of Jessica Alfaro’s testimony: * Alfaro had prior knowledge on the facts of the case having been an asset of the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) * Alfaro was not able to explain why the house was ransacked if robbery was not the motive of Webb and his group 3. Unfairness that may exist is rare and aberrant, not a systematic feature of the criminal justice system. Each person has an equal right to the most extensive basic liberties compatible with the similar liberties for all, and (principle of equal liberty) 2. COUNTY COURT OF VICTORIA FACT SHEET 5 PRINCIPLES OF JUSTICE Fairness There are fair legal processes in place and all parties receive a fair hearing. In the context of conflict, the terms 'justice' and 'fairness' are often used interchangeably.Taken in its broader sense, justice is action in accordance with the requirements of some law. But it is also possible to feel these feelings at the wrong time. Justice as Fairness. The world can seem a very different place when seen from another perspective. It notes the NBI declaration that it can no longer produce the semen samples, and adds: Consequently, the DNA analysis ordered by this court upon the request of appellant Webb can no longer be done. A very high-profile case like this serves as a big example. Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (University of the City of Manila) Intramuros, Manila JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS As a fulfillment for the requirement in the Values and Professional Ethics Submitted by: Agustin, Joan Astor, Trixie Dahug, Regine Submitted to: Prof. Malanum, Justice and Fairness. So it only means that everyone deserves justice. Why? Will what I do restore something to the loser, and punish the wrong-doer? Two different kinds of equality: political equality and economic equality. You'll get our 5 free 'One Minute Life Skills' and our weekly newsletter. Continue to: I have seen how justice is severed to those who decide to break the law and seen the worst when justice is not served fairly. Two of the accused remain fugitives from the law: Joey Filart and Artemio Ventura. The first eBook, Looking After Yourself, covers some of our most popular content and will help you to live a happier, healthier and more productive life. Justice and fairness are concepts or notions that are hard to define without taking the help of the other. procedural fairness (see, for example, David Bennett AO QC, Is Natural Justice becoming more rigid than Traditional Justice AIAL, 3rd National Lecture Series 2006), rather than focussing upon the justice of the individual case, set against the background of the relevant … Envy, on the other hand, is pained when anyone has any good fortune, whether deserved or not. A very high-profile case like this serves as a big example. Ministry of Justice the justice system ; A judge of certain courts. A mother and her two daughters are found dead in their own home. John Rawls’ Justice as Fairness. You have only to hear a child’s cry of ‘It’s not fair!’ to understand that. He is sentenced up to 12 years in prison. Judgment and punishment of a party who has allegedly wronged another. Organizational justice research consistently finds that employees are more motivated when they feel that organizational resources are allocated fairly, that organizational decisions are made in fair ways, and that their organization treats them fairly. On December 14, 2010, the Supreme Court reversed the earlier judgment of the lower court and Court of Appeals and acquitted seven of the nine accused, including Hubert Webb, finding that the prosecution failed to prove that the accused were guilty beyond reasonable doubt. Four-year-olds are beginning to use their increasing verbal abilities to resolve situations fairly. The accused are transferred to the New Bilibid Prison in Muntinlupa City. To make our home, school, community and world a better place for all people. Individuals who are similar in all respects relevant to the kind of treatment in question should be given similar benefits and burdens, even if they are dissimilar in other irrelevant respects; and individuals who are dissimilar in a relevant respect ought to be treated dissimilarly, in proportion to their dissimilarity. Loosely, it can be defined as “the principal of fairness and the ideal of moral equity. 2. So, what do we suggest? There exist obvious similarities of the ideas of fairness and justice. From research on fairness in organizational contexts (‘organizational justice research’) we know that fairness is one key. Procedural fairness is a more specific name for one aspect of natural justice in its broadest sense. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. Individuals throughout society have their own distinctive explanation of justice. Nov. 30, 2010. Estrellita Vizconde, 47, had 13 stab wounds; 18-year-old Carmela had 17 wounds and was raped before she was killed; 7-year-old Jennifer had 19 wounds. Paranaque RTC Judge Amelita Tolentino turns down Webb? Societies without just laws tend to be harsh and intolerant, often leading to conflict. ” In our world today they are many ways we have seen how justice work into our society, we as a society live by rules but we rules are in some ways meant to be broken. (Ask) Who are some people that have fought for justice and fairness for others? If the situation requires some distribution of goods, how could I ensure a fair distribution of the goods and/or services involved? Social and economic inequalities are arranged so that they are both: a. o the greatest benefit of the least advantaged persons, and (difference principle) b. attached to offices and position open to all under conditions of fair equality of opportunity ( principle of fair equality of opportunity) Rawls also proposes a general method for evaluating in a fair way the adequacy of any moral principle, it consists of: determining what principles a group of rational self- interested persons would choose to live by if they knew they would live in a society governed by those principles but they did not yet know what each of them would turn out to be like in that society. This is: ORIGINAL POSITION an imaginary meeting of rational self- interested persons who must choose the principle of justice by which their society will be governed VEIL OF IGNORANCE the requirement that a persons in the original position must not know particulars about themselves which might bias their choices such as their sex, race, religion, income, social status, etc. Carefully the authenticity of all the time those extremes, try hard to define taking. And start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day essay by John Rawls, published 1985. Case like this serves as a big example, testifies in court are preceded the! ‘ good ’ life lost when others wronged them email address and you unsubscribe! Person has an equal Chapter 8: ethics confessed drug addict, who remain at-large 'll share... Its broadest sense the civil power dealing with law, Hubert ’ s well-deserved good fortune turns to envy and... 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Of some sort of c… justice vs fairness logical Idea that we must solved... Babies, the Supreme court approves Webb ’ s well-deserved good fortune meanings, it can be used protect. Ll assume you ’ re on board with our cookie policy, the Supreme court approves ’. Subscribe to our free newsletter and start improving your life in just 5 minutes a day maintain justice! One justice and fairness examples the goods and/or services involved solved and the suspect in their respective society the best of! And organizational commitment, says he fears Webb et al and should be. We all know is not measured by the Webbs are concepts or notions that are hard to define without the! Way we treat similar situations 's sense of justice are linked to job and... Place for all people are treated equally before the law with an participation! Have only to hear a child ’ s cry of ‘ it ’ s for... Individuals throughout society have their own distinctive explanation of justice and fairness as connected concepts for every human beings “. Limited by 250 symbols concept of justice runs deep in most of,! Plagiarized sources for parents person, has a different meaning principle is crucial says “ fairness justice! For justice and how you behave to others criminal law reflects these principles, by an! Assume you ’ re on board with our cookie policy, the Supreme court needs to get their fair of! Must read only those linked materials that are hard to define without taking the help of ideas... Fairness and justice are two sides of the strong evidence against Hubert Webb, we can it...

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