four rainfall regions of ethiopia

Even in the hottest months (March to May), average highs rarely exceed 77 degrees Fahrenheit (25 degrees Celsius). Climate information for Ethiopia including average temperature, rain and snowfall totals. World Map. Recent studies on historical extreme temperature and rainfall variability indicate there is a positive trend in warming indicators in different regions in Ethiopia … Y. Girma & M. Aynalem (Ethiopia) PAPER 2602 Located in the eastern part of Tigray Region, Ethiopia, Saesie-Tsaeda district has a total population of 30,829 people, most of whom are dependent on rain-fed subsistence agriculture. Ethiopia can be divided into four rainfall regimes. With an area of 284,537.84 sq. In Somalia, the 2018 Deyr rainfall season has so far performed less well than expected, despite the development of a weak El Nino. The present study aims to understand and characterize agro-climatic variability and changes and associated risks with respect to implications for rainfed crop … Farmers’ perceptions of average temperature and rainfall changes in Ethiopia over the last 20 years from 2004/2005 (n = 1000). Two Seasons Zone This zone includes the western half of Ethiopia and has two distinct seasons with a rainy season (June - September) and a dry season (November - … over the five-year time period of the planned FFP program. 2.4. Addis Ababa, the national capital, is the most populous one. These maps can show things like the specific climatic zones of an area based on the temperature, the amount of snow an area receives, or the average number of cloudy days. This study describes the prevalence of marasmus and kwashiorkor in four drought-affected regions: Bale, Sidamo, Gamu Gofa and southern Shoa. Summer rainfall (June–September) accounts for about 80% of the annual rainfall in the Lake Tana basin of Ethiopia, the source region of the Blue Nile River. km, Oromia Region is the largest major subdivision of Ethiopia by area. An analysis of 37,511 children in the 1-5 year age group representing 212 com … The western part of the region, covering most of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, and western Kenya, exhibits significant rainfall, with most of the high ground areas receiving 400–1200 mm of rainfall between July and September. The climate in Ethiopia In Ethiopia, as in all equatorial countries, there is a tropical climate. A new study says that Ethiopia could lose more than 50 percent of its coffee growing regions to climate change. To provide an alternative In the East African sub-region annual rainfall is predicted to increase somewhat, from 1400 mm to 1440 mm, and the dry season to decrease from 5 to 4 months. In effect to the ITCZ, Ethiopia is classified into three climatic zones (rainfall regimes) which have two, three and four seasons in a year. Primary and secondary data were collected for the analysis, […] However, the region's southern interior has a desert climate with fewer than 4 inches of precipitation. 2010). The summers here have a good deal of rainfall, while the winters have very little. Almost no area within the Nile basin experiences a true equatorial or a true Mediterranean type of climate. Access to adequate quantities of safe water in this semi-arid region is a consistent challenge. Ethiopia receiving most of their precipitation during the Kiremt season. Given the conditions of rainfall and temperatures, there can't be true tropical evergreen rainforests in Ethiopia, as rainforests grow under conditions of 3,000 mm of rainfall per year and higher. During the their dry seasons, the lower vegetation of the forests of Ethiopia dry up. The Danakil Depression (Danakil Desert) is about 125 metres below sea level and the hottest region in Ethiopia where the temperature climbs up to 50 degree Celsius. In terrestrial ecosystems, climate is by far the most important determinant of the amount of solar energy plants are able to capture as chemical energy, or the gross primary productivity (Table 4.1). much rain or more during the Belg season was large, more than 215,000 km. Of these, about 7.1 million people are classified in IPC Phase 3: “Crisis” and about 1.4 million in IPC Phase 4: “Emergency”. In Ethiopia, there are three seasons with four months each, classified based on climatological means of rainfall and temperature. Parts of southern Ethiopia were form 1983 to 1985 affected by drought and famine. Prediction of summer rainfall would be valuable for managing the region’s water resources and agricultural operations. ... (ITCZ) in the region. The daylight hours vary little, and the temperature differences between summer and winter are also lesser. Between these two areas is a region of dry, flat plains, called steppes , where annual rainfall ranges from 4 to 16 inches and summer droughts last five months or longer. It presents SWC practices and estimates the level of SWC investments in different regions. Ethiopia is one of the countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate variability and change on agriculture. In warm arid regions, water is a master limiting factor, and in the absence of runoff, primary production is strongly positively correlated with rainfall in a linear fashion (see Figure 5.1). In a report of 20 October, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN-OCHA) said that during the month of October, “several flood incidences were reported in Afar, Oromia, SNNP and Somali regions displacing thousands and causing loss of property and livelihoods. While the Nile basin in Sudan and Egypt is rainless during the northern winter, its southern parts and the highlands of Ethiopia experience heavy rain—more than 60 inches (1,520 millimetres)—during the northern summer. Precipitation here is about 1058 mm | 41.7 inch per year. The UN reports that over 120,000 people have been displaced by flooding in Ethiopia this month.. Rainfall totals of more than 500 mm during these rainy seasons typi-cally provide enough water for viable farming and pastoral pursuits. The results for Ethiopia show a significant number of farmers also observed that temperature had increased (64 percent) and that rainfall had decreased (65 percent) (see Fig. The average annual temperature in Lemmi is 17.4 °C | 63.2 °F. The summers are much rainier than the winters in Addis Abeba. Celsius ) southern Shoa southern portions of the Western Highlands, where annual may! To adequate quantities of safe water in this semi-arid region is the most populous one is most... 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