types of eel

The dorsal and anal fins are fused with the caudal or tail fin, forming a single ribbon running along much of the length of the animal. Only an expert eye would be able to tell them apart. Most scientists believe that the ancestors of the modern eel developed in the middle to late Cretaceous Period (around 100 million years ago). Commercially, the American eel is farmed on a very limited basis and used as bait for deep-sea bass fishing, and some culinary applications. The target species in Victoria's Eel Fishery are the short-finned eel (Anguilla australis) and long-finned eel (A. reinhardtii).Both species spend the majority of their life cycle in fresh water or estuaries but travel to the ocean to spawn once before dying. } In general, the largest eel species will be found in the oceans. Another characteristic of saltwater eels is that this class contains very poisonous eels, as well as the most popular types of eels, which can sometimes be a problem if you don’t know the difference. Due to changing climatic conditions, over-fishing, and pollution of their spawning areas, the Japanese eel is currently an endangered species in the wild. The Longfin African can be found in waters off the coast of Eastern Africa, Japan, Australia, as well as in the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf. The Longfin African Conger can be found on reef flats and in shallow lagoons on seagrass beds. This eel has two rows of very sharp teeth and is brownish-grey in color, although it also has yellow on and below its fins, a black patch on the pectorals and on parts of its eye, and narrow black edges on its median fins. Eels that live in freshwater are from the family known as Anguillidae, which consists of 19 species and six subspecies. It is also found mostly in rocky areas and coral reefs. Other common names for the black-spotted eel are the polka dot eel or spotted spiny eel. The Zebra Moray can range in size from about a foot to almost 5 feet in length, although the average length will usually be between a foot and a half and 3 feet. Routinely reaching (and often exceeding) a length of 12 feet, the largest Slender Giant on record was caught near the mouth of the Maroochy River in Queensland, Australia in 1927 and measured slightly over 13 feet long. Like the Lungfish, which also has an elongated body, the Electric Eel needs air to breathe and will rise to the surface of the water every 10 minutes in order to gulp air. They are nocturnal feeders, usually spending the daylight hours in crevices in a reef or between rocks on the ocean floor. Not to be confused with the American Conger, the American eel (Anguilla rostrata) is a freshwater eel and can be found living in rivers, lakes and estuaries on the East Coast of North America including the Hudson and St. Lawrence River and Chesapeake Bay regions, as well as river systems further south, all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. To look at, these are your stereotypical eels. Eels are carnivorous predators and eat other, usually smaller, fish as well as worms, crustaceans, snails, shrimp, frogs, lizards and, in some cases, other types of eels; being nocturnal, they will usually hunt at night. In fact, it needs to breathe air about 80% of the time in order to stay alive. Their body length can range from 4 … The Snowflake Moray is native to the Indo-Pacific region and can be found in the wild from the Eastern coast of Africa to the Hawaiian Islands, as well as the coasts of Southern Mexico and Costa Rica down to Columbia. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-source'); When they start to eat their food, they tie their bodies in knots in order to anchor down and better get at the food. Eels have skin that is smooth, scale-less, and slimy, allowing them to get around even the roughest reefs without getting scratched or harmed. This species of eel is also sometimes called the Indian mud moray, gold dust moray, or the snowflake eel (though there are actually two types of “snowflake eel!”). var _g1; The Ocellated Spiny Eels are found in Africa and migrate during the dry part of the season to areas such as lakes, canals, and floodplain areas. There are four sub-orders of eels, 20 separate families, and over 800 identified species. The Giant Slender Moray is another native of the Indo-Pacific region and is usually found in muddy, less rocky parts of the ocean floor, estuaries and some rivers – particularly in Eastern Africa, Australia, and New Guinea. Also known as the Fine-Spot Moray, this type of eel lives in the Pacific Ocean and was discovered in 1904. It is not a very big eel, reaching only around 20 inches in length, and it is the most commonly kept saltwater eel. Eel refers to any fish that belongs to the order called the Anguilliformes, which comprises 4 suborders, with 20 families and 111 genera, encompassing around 800 species. They get their name from the fact that they seem to ‘grow’ from the floor of the ocean and when many are seen together they resemble plants in a garden. Like many other eels, they feed mostly on crustaceans and small fish. When courting, eels will open their mouths wide and wrap themselves around one another, only letting go after the females lay their eggs, which the males then fertilize. With an elongated body and a pointy snout, the Tire Track Eel is a durable but very shy fish that starts out small, roughly six to eight inches in length. Top 10 Countries with the Lowest Recorded Crime Rate, World’s Top 10 Countries with Slow Internet Connection, Top 10 Greatest Scientists who Changed the World, Top 10 Horrifying Terrorist Attacks of All Times. This eel is considered fish safe and will need a 20 gallon or bigger aquarium. Eels are fishes that look like snakes. It is somewhat of an enigma since the experts still don’t know everything there is to know about them. Freshwater Eels are found throughout the world in tropical, subtropical and temperate climates. } catch(e) {}. Also sometimes called the Dog eel, the American Conger (Conger oceanicus) is native to the Western Atlantic Ocean and can be found from Cape Cod on the Massachusetts coast of all the way down to the Northeastern coast of Florida; it is also sometimes found along the coast of Nova Scotia in Eastern Canada and in the Gulf of Mexico. Eels are types of fish that are elongated, scaleless, and resemble snakes. It is thought that the Grea… The types of eels are salt water eels, freshwater eels, the swamp eels, rubber eels and the electric eels. The Electric Eel has an elongated and cylindrical body that is a dark-grey color, and it has an orange throat. They normally eat other fish, crustaceans, and mollusks. A native of the Indo-Pacific region, they can be found in the wild from the Eastern coast of Africa to the Hawaiian Islands. 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